Behavioural Family Therapy (BFT)
What is BFT
How does BFT work
Here’s what happens in BFT sessions:
Initial Assessment: The therapist starts by conducting an initial assessment to understand the family’s concerns, challenges, and dynamics. They listen to each family member’s perspective and gather information about the problems they are facing.
Setting Goals: Together with the family, the therapist sets specific goals for therapy. These goals are based on the identified issues and what the family wants to achieve through the therapeutic process.
Identifying Behavioral Patterns: The therapist observes how family members interact with each other during the sessions. They pay attention to communication styles, conflicts, and any recurring behavioral patterns that might contribute to the family’s challenges.
Teaching New Skills: The therapist introduces the family to new skills and techniques that can improve their communication and interactions. These could include active listening, problem-solving strategies, conflict resolution techniques, and positive reinforcement.
Role-Playing and Practice: The therapist may use role-playing exercises during the sessions to help family members practice the new skills they’ve learned. This allows them to experience different perspectives and responses in a safe environment.
Addressing Specific Issues: BFT sessions often focus on specific issues brought up by family members. These could be recent conflicts or ongoing challenges that need resolution.
Homework Assignments: The therapist assigns “homework” to the family, which involves practicing the new skills and techniques outside of the therapy sessions. This helps integrate the learned behaviors into their daily lives and reinforces positive changes.
Encouragement and Feedback: Throughout the therapy process, the therapist provides encouragement and feedback to family members as they make progress and work towards their goals.
Building a Supportive Environment: The therapist helps create a safe and supportive environment where family members feel comfortable expressing their thoughts and feelings without fear of judgment.
Evaluating Progress: Regularly, the therapist and family review the progress made towards the therapy goals. They discuss any challenges faced and adjust the treatment plan if needed.
Conflict Resolution: The therapist facilitates discussions to help the family resolve conflicts constructively. They encourage open communication and guide family members towards finding solutions together.
Reinforcement and Celebrating Success: Positive changes and improvements are acknowledged and celebrated by the therapist and the family. This reinforcement motivates the family to continue making progress.
BFT is typically conducted over several sessions, with each session building upon the previous ones. The therapist remains supportive, guiding, and empathetic throughout the process to promote positive changes in the family’s behaviors and dynamics.